Posts Tagged ‘Newpath injury’

August 5, 2010; Field Notes, Newpath injury, panicle blight

September 9, 2010

Newpath injury on sheath

The panicles shown in the photograph were victim of Newpath drift.  Newpath is applied to Clearfield rice to kill non-Clearfield rice.  When it drifts it can cause serious injury.  In this case the injury was minimized because it was not extensive and it hit rice at a less susceptible stage.  Many of the panicles did not fully exsert from the flag leaf sheath.

Grain germinating on panicle

Some of the panicles that failed to exsert from the flag leaf sheath flowered and formed grains down in the sheath.  The grain shown here is germinating.  After it ripened the captured moisture caused it to germinate.  This one was found after splitting open a flag leaf sheath.

Bacterial Panicle Blight on CL261

This year has been one of the worst in terms of the occurrence and severity of Bacterial Panicle Blight.  This disease attacks rice when high nighttime temperatures occur during flowering.  Apparently the spikelets in the middle of the panicle were flowering under a period of high night temperatures while the uppermost and lowermost florets flowered under more favorable conditions.  This is an example of why flowering is spread out over about a week in each panicle beginning at the top and progressing downward.  It is a survival mechanism.

Advertisements

Field Notes June 7, 2010; blast, bronzing, herbicide injury, zinc

June 10, 2010

Blast lesions on Jupiter

These are blast disease lesions on Jupiter, but they could be on any variety.  Two points here, blast is present this year and Jupiter is susceptible.  To really control blast it will require two fungicide applications.  Read the fungicide label to determine the timing depending on which fungicide you use.  In general, the first application should be made during boot (approximately 4″ panicle) and then at about 50% heading.  That is an expensive treatment.

Bronzing in rice

It is unusual to have bronzing, a symptom of zinc deficiency, show up when it is warm and rice is older.  In this case the problem is induced by the high pH of the soils.  In the area they are known to be above 8 in many cases.  Even though the soil may test high in zinc it is not available because of the pH.  We recommended an application of zinc chelate or zinc sulfate to correct the problem.

Newpath injury to conventional rice

When the Clearfield system was introduced several years ago we were concerned about possible misapplications of Newpath to conventional rice fields.  While there have been a few reported cases of those situations most of the problems have been the result of drift from a Newpath application to Clearfield rice onto a nearby field of conventional rice.  The straw colored plants in this picture are already dead.

Newpath injury, single plant

The plant at right shows typical Newpath injury symptoms.  The growing point is killed resulting in a straw colored leaf in the center of the plant.  The oldest leaves are still green.  This is what we have learned to expect in Newpath drift onto conventional rice.

Newpath effects on growing point

If a plant like the one in the previous photograph are dissected lenghwise it will reveal dead or dying tissue.  The scientific term is necrosis.  Plants exhibiting this degree of injury will not recover.

Newpath injury without necrosis

In many instances the dose of Newpath is not enough to cause death of the plant, but the effects can be nearly as severe from a production standpoint.  In this case the growing point development is suppressed to the point that several axillary buds are developing.  In a normal plant as long as the growing point remains intact these buds never develop.  Even if these buds develops stems and eventually heads the heads will be smaller than normal and much later than normal.  The plant is competing with itself to produce grain as a survival mechanism.